Aging is an important skin care concern, manifested as dry, rough skin with fine lines and wrinkles. Skin aging occurs either as a result of the natural aging of the body or prematurely due to harsh environmental stresses such as UV irradiation. Production of free radicals and the inability of our body to neutralize them results in oxidative damage to some of the vital components of the cell such as proteins, fatty acids and DNA. Among the changes that occur during the normal aging process is the decrease in levels of different hormones that have a great impact on the general health as well as skin health. For instance, estradiol promotes skin circulation and increases hydration; the result is a radiant, soft and elastic skin. In women, after menopause the levels reduce drastically and there are many changes as a result of that. One of them is the change in appearance and texture of skin. Environmental stressors result in production of free radicals which cause oxidative damage, results in rapid apoptosis of the skin cells. Some of the stressors have endocrine disrupting properties too and therefore hasten the onset and progression of skin aging.
With age, collagen and elastin production diminish, as a result, skin loses its firmness and elasticity and wrinkles begin to appear. Hormonal aging accelerates this collagen loss, increasing the appearance of wrinkles on the skin. Hormonal aging can be slowed down by using sun protection (UV rays speed up the breakdown and weakening of both collagen and elastin and lead to formation of age spots or dark spots). Various treatments have been tried with success to delay the aging process or reduce its manifestations. Maintaining skin hydration, taking a diet rich in antioxidants that neutralize free radicals, essential fatty acids and ingredients that stimulate cell renewal, enhances collagen and elastin formation, and promotes skin hydration.
Treatment options and ingredients that promotes hydration, collagen and elastin production, include essential fatty acids Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), Ceramides, emollients, exfoliators, testosterone, estradiol, melatonin, and growth hormone (GH). These hormones are administered either in the form of dietary supplements and injectables or as topical applications. However, it is noteworthy to mention that hormonal therapy is not always effective and can have various side effects such as hyperpigmentation, and with evolving industry in skin care this should be evolved with use of appropriate natural skin regimen without ineteruption of natural hormonal cycle. Check our recent addition to the anti-aging skincare is the use of growth factors and peptides that stimulate cell renewal and synthesis of essential proteins such as collagen and elastin that can highly be beneficial in minimizing side effects of hormonal ageing safely, naturally and with efficacy.